Diabetes and Periodontal Disease
Like other complications of diabetes, periodontal disease is linked to diabetic control. People with poor blood sugar control get periodontal disease more often and more severely, and they lose more teeth than do persons with good control. In fact, people whose diabetes is well controlled have no more periodontal disease than persons without diabetes. Children with IDDM (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) are also at risk for peridontal problems. Good diabetic control is the best protection against periodontal disease.
Studies show that controlling blood sugar levels lowers the risk of some complications of diabetes, such as eye and heart disease and nerve damage. Scientists believe many complications, including periodontal disease, can be prevented with good diabetic control.
Researchers have shown that if a diabetic has periodontal disease, once the periodontal infection is successfully treated, it is often easier for the diabetic to control his or her blood sugar levels.