Women and Periodontal Disease
Pregnancy and Periodontal Disease
Pregnancy is accompanied with an increase in the levels of both progesterone and estrogen, which by the third trimester reaches levels 10-30 times more than normal. This increase in hormone levels can result in periodontal concerns. Studies have shown an increase in gingivitis from 35%-100% during pregnancy. It is characterized by swelling, bleeding, tenderness and redness of gum tissue.
In some cases, pregnant women may notice the formation of large, isolated growths or lumps in between or around teeth. This is caused by plaque and calculus, and the alteration in hormone levels exaggerates the tissue response. If such a lesion develops, it should be removed by a periodontist before more damage occurs.
Preterm, Low Birth Weight Infants
A very recent study has found an important association between periodontal disease and the incidence of preterm, low birth weight infants. The presence of periodontal infection can increase the likelihood of a child born too early and too small by seven times. This increases the risk of future health problems for the infant.
It is recommended that a periodontal evaluation be included as part of prenatal care.
There is no referral necessary to see Dr. Xiang. Please call 204-726-1211 to schedule an appointment today.